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  • Emma B

What You Need to Know About Prepatellar Bursitis (Housemaid's Knee)

Prepatellar bursitis, also known as “housemaid’s knee,” is a condition that results when the small, fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies over the kneecap becomes irritated and inflamed.

Prepatellar bursitis is a common condition that can affect anyone, but it is more common in women and in people who kneel a lot as part of their job or during leisure activities. The condition is also more common in people with certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or psoriasis.

If you think you may have prepatellar bursitis, it is important to see a doctor so that the condition can be properly diagnosed and treated. Keep reading to learn more about prepatellar bursitis, including its symptoms, causes, and treatments.



How is this caused?


Prepatellar bursitis is a condition that can cause pain and swelling in the front of the knee. The prepatellar bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that lies over the patella (knee cap). This bursa acts as a cushion between the patella and the skin. When the bursa becomes inflamed, it can cause pain and swelling.

There are several things that can cause prepatellar bursitis, including repetitive kneeling, direct trauma to the area, or an infection.


What are the symptoms?


Potential symptoms of prepatellar bursitis include:


- Swelling and inflammation of the bursa (a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between the bones and tissues of the body)

- Pain and tenderness in the affected area

- stiffness and difficulty moving the affected joint

- Warmth and redness in the affected area

- A visible lump over the affected bursa


What treatments are available?


Treatment for prepatellar bursitis typically includes a combination of rest, ice, and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications. More severe cases may require physical therapy or steroid injections. Surgery is rarely necessary.


Prepatellar bursitis is a condition that can cause pain and swelling in the knee. It is often caused by repetitive activities, such as kneeling, that put pressure on the bursa. Treatment typically involves resting the knee, icing the area, and taking anti-inflammatory medication. Surgery is rarely needed.

To learn about other conditions, keep up to date with MSK blogs.

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